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Social and Institutional Aspects of Disability

Social and Institutional Aspects of Disability

Disability is a social construct that can affect the way we live our lives. It can be caused by mental, physical or developmental issues. It depends on many factors including social and institutional factors. This article will explore the institutional and social factors that can affect someone with a disability and how they impact a person’s ability to live an active and fulfilling life.


Many people who have disabilities feel an isolation and lack of social acceptance. They might not be able to speak out as often as they would like to or have health issues that make it difficult for them to take part in daily activities. However the rights-based approach to disability is designed to empower disabled individuals and ensure their active participation in society.

Sometimes, disability isn’t obvious and is therefore difficult for doctors to identify. Examples of disabilities that are not obvious include chronic back pain, fatigue syndrome and environmental sensitivities that can be present day-to-day and result in a significant impairment in health and performance. Sometimes, the condition is not properly identified or labeled, which makes the process of finding appropriate accommodations more difficult.

Through the ages disability has been seen through many theoretical lenses. The medical and social models are the most well-known. There are several other models that can be used to comprehend disability. The medical model of disability is based on disability as a medical condition, and advocates for finding solutions. The social model however considers disability as an issue that is socially-created. disability support services

In recent years the number of cases involving food-related anaphylaxis has increased. The Sabrina’s Law in Ontario was passed to make it mandatory for all school boards to create an anaphylaxis plan and a policy for students at high risk. Additionally human rights cases have identified anaphylaxis as a disability under the Code.

Social notions of “normalcy”

Social constructs of normality that are essential to disability studies, are crucial. They are crucial for understanding how societies perceive and classify people with disabilities. These constructs result from the conflict between the normative notions of normalcy and deviance. The notion of “normal” is also central to disability studies as it is not universally recognized and is often presented as a matter of individuality.

Social classifications of disability often contain elements from both older tradition and new ideas. This results in a paradoxical image of disability. In the Gospels, for example, Zacchaeus, who was considered a sinful tax collector transforms into the son of Abraham through repentance. Normalization doesn’t necessarily mean that you must become a Christian servant.

Problematic is also the notion of “normal”. Although many people can live normal lives, it’s essential to differentiate between different kinds of. The outdated definition of normal is frequently used to define what normal looks like. People with disabilities are frequently targeted for discrimination due to this false perception of normality.

This paper examines the relationship between disability in Germany and the social concepts of “normalcy”. It identifies the discourse patterns in these discourses, and aims to develop an understanding of the theoretical framework that can be used to study disability. This paper draws upon the work of Jurgen Link and Michel Foucault to help understand the connection between “normalcy and disability.

Medically-determinable impairments

Social Security disability benefits are accessible to those with a medically determinable impairment. A medically determinable disability is a condition that restricts one’s ability to do everyday activities due to physical or mental limitations. This type of disability must be medically verified and is a legal requirement for Social Security benefits. Fibromyalgia is a prime example of an impairment that is medically proven. Its symptoms are widespread pain throughout the body, muscle and joint tenderness, dizziness, fatigue and fibro fog.

To establish the claimant’s impairment, an administrative law judge will decide whether the claimant is able to do the past relevant work that they did prior to becoming disabled. The work that was relevant to the past to be considered for this purpose is any work that was performed in the last 15 years that is connected to the claimant’s impairment. The work must also have been significant gainful activity.

When an ALJ determines that the claimant is disabled because of a medically determinable impairment The claimant can appeal. The claimant is able to appeal to the United States Court of Appeals, or to the Supreme Court. If the claimant’s appeal is denied the ALJ can remand the matter back to SSA to hear a new hearing.

The SSA has specific guidelines for listing impairments and the impairment must be “severe” to qualify. To be considered a severe impairment, the impairment must restrict the ability of a person to perform essential job tasks. Additionally, it must last for a minimum of 12 months or cause death. If the impairment doesn’t last for this time, it’s not considered a disability.

Developmental issues

Developmental issues of disability are conditions affecting the physical and cognitive functioning. These disabilities can be caused by genetics and/or physical circumstances. These disabilities can last the rest of a person’s life, regardless of their root cause. These disabilities include intellectual disabilities, Down syndrome and cerebral palsy. They also include learning disabilities and behavioral and language disorders. They affect people from all backgrounds, races, and socioeconomic classes. In the United States, one in every six children suffers from a developmental disability.

Most people with developmental disabilities live in their community , either with family members or in supervised group homes. They can receive support from the community that could be as simple as one-on-one or 24-hour support for personal care and household chores. Many people with developmental disabilities aren’t aware they’re suffering from health issues.

While the incidence of developmental disabilities is difficult to determine but research has revealed many factors that cause disability. These factors include genetics and poverty, as and exposure to environmental contaminants. In addition neglect and abuse in children are also significant factors in the development of children with a disability. While there is no single reason for developmental disabilities researchers can utilize the presence of disabilities to inform policies and programs.

Many developmental disabilities are chromosomal or genetic their. A majority of cases result from the combination of genetic characteristics and environmental exposures. Other causes are food insecurity, infections, and exogenous insults. The latter have different consequences depending on the precise time of the incident. For instance, a mother’s rubella infection could have devastating effects on a fetus between the first and 13 weeks of pregnancy.


The concept of disability and culture provides a useful framework for understanding how people with disabilities are treated. The term “disability culture” is used to describe the way that people organize their activities and interact with other people. Disability culture emphasizes the positive and solidarity of people with disabilities, rather than seeing impairment as a reason one should be ashamed of.

However, despite its prominence it hasn’t been the subject of careful analysis. While many researchers have focused on biological conditions and social interaction disorders as a way to learn about disability, culture and disability are also complicated subjects to examine. To study the effects of culture on disability the schooling process, ethnography is a thriving field.

Ingstad and Whyte highlight that the definitions of disability differ across different cultures. Culture is a critical factor in determining how people perceive disability. People living in large-scale societies tend not to think of disability in the same way as people in smaller communities. Smaller-scale societies tend to be more intimate and close-knit. They may interact in the course of economic production, during leisure time, or in ceremonies or in the arts.

For people with disabilities, the focus on the disability as a defining factor could be risky. Yet, it can also lead to equality and emancipation. This process requires social creativity as well as new values and new ways of acting. In order to attain emancipation it is essential to create an environment that is accepting of the diversity of people who have disabilities.

Identifying a person who has a disability

Identifying a person with a physical disability is not easy. There are a variety of ways to identify someone, such as medical tests and surveys. There are a variety of factors that contribute to difficulty in identifying disabled people as well as cultural norms. The cultural norms of a region or society may be a significant factor in defining what constitutes disability. Certain tribes in Kenya for instance, consider that not being able care for cattle as a handicap. Others, like the Yorubas of Nigeria and the Somalis who consider a deficiency in physical capabilities a handicap. These differences in how disability is defined can lead to variation in prevalence rates. Despite the many concepts available studies tend to concentrate on physical limitations.

The identification of a person suffering from a physical disability is an essential step in accessing accommodations and support for those with disabilities. Individuals with disabilities can receive financial and other assistance through programs such as Social Security or Medicaid. Signaling one’s disability is also the first step towards connecting with other disabled individuals who can provide practical guidance and expert assistance. Although being recognized as disabled can be difficult initially, being part of a disability community is incredibly rewarding.

There are three options for individuals who wish to inform their employers about their disability. They can decide to reveal their disability through self-identification or by making a public announcement. In each case self-identification carries a different meaning for the individual. Self-identification could be defined as self-disclosing. It is a voluntary decision. A public announcement however, might be more formal. Self-identification is a crucial step in overcoming stigmas and encouraging equality in employment.


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