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Introduction to Mongolia

Mongolia is a landlocked country located in East Asia. It shares borders with Russia to the north and China to the south, and has a population of over 3 million people.

The capital city is Ulaanbaatar, and the official language is Mongolian.

Mongolia is a fascinating country with a rich history and culture. It is well-known for its traditional nomadic lifestyle,

as well as its beautiful landscapes and wildlife. Mongolia is an increasingly popular tourist destination, offering a wide range of activities and attractions for visitors to enjoy.

Whether you’re interested in exploring the country’s unique history and culture, or simply want to enjoy its natural beauty, Mongolia has something to offer everyone.

History of Mongolia

Mongolia is a landlocked country in East Asia. It is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south, east and west. Ulaanbaatar,

the capital and largest city, is home to about 45% of the population. Mongolia’s political history dates back to the 13th century when it was founded as a Buddhist theocracy.

The Mongol Empire emerged as a powerful force in the early 13th century and grew to become one of the largest empires in world history.

At its peak, the Mongol Empire encompassed parts of Central Asia, China, Europe and the Middle East.

After centuries of decline, Mongolia was conquered by Russia in the early 20th century.

The Communist Party took control of Mongolia in 1924 and ushered in a period of strict social regimentation.

In 1990, Mongolia held its first free elections and transitioned to a market economy. Since then, it has seen steady economic growth and democratization.

Mongolia is rich in history and culture. Today, it is a rapidly developing country with immense natural beauty and potential for adventure tourism.

Geography of Mongolia

Mongolia is a landlocked country located in East Asia. It is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south, and covers an area of 1,564,116 square kilometers.

The capital and largest city is Ulaanbaatar, which is also home to the majority of the population.

Mongolia has a continental climate with long, cold winters and short, hot summers. The Gobi Desert covers a large portion of the country.

Much of Mongolia’s landscape is characterized by steppe (grassland) and desert.

There are many historical and cultural attractions in Mongolia, such as the ancient city of Karakorum, Erdenezuu Monastery (the first Buddhist monastery in Mongolia),

and the Flaming Cliffs (a site where many dinosaurs have been found).

The People of Mongolia

Mongolia is a land of nomads, and the people of Mongolia are some of the most hospitable on earth.

Whether you’re trekking through the Gobi Desert or horseback riding through the steppe, you’re sure to be welcomed by the friendly Mongolians you meet along the way.

The majority of Mongolians are ethnic Kazakhs, and they maintain a strong nomadic tradition. Even in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar,

many people still live in traditional ger (yurt) camps on the outskirts of town.

Herding animals is an important part of Mongolian culture, and you’ll see plenty of cows, sheep, goats, and horses as you travel around the country.

If you’re looking for a truly unique cultural experience, Mongolia is the place for you!

Religion in Mongolia

Mongolia is a country with a long and rich history of religious practice. Though the country has been historically Buddhist,

there is a significant Muslim minority, as well as smaller populations of Christians and other faiths.

Today, Buddhism is the largest religion in Mongolia, followed by Islam. Christianity, though small, is growing in popularity. Shamanism,

once the dominant religion of the region, continues to be practiced by many Mongolians.

Buddhism was first introduced to Mongolia in the 6th century CE, during the reign of the great Mongolian king Khublai Khan.

It quickly took root and became the main religion of the Mongolian people.

Islam arrived in the 13th century, brought by Persian and Turkic traders and settlers. Christianity came to Mongolia in the early 20th century, through Russian and Western missionaries.

Shamanism is an ancient tradition that predates all other religions in Mongolia.

It is still practiced today by many Mongolians, who believe that it gives them a connection to the spirit world and allows them to communicate with animals.

Languages Spoken in Mongolia

Mongolia is home to a number of different languages, including Mongolian, Turkic, Russian, and Mandarin Chinese.

The majority of the population speaks Mongolian as their first language, followed by Turkic and Russian. Mandarin Chinese is also spoken by a significant minority of the population.

The Economy of Mongolia

Mongolia is a landlocked country in East Asia. The economy of Mongolia is small and largely dependent on agriculture and mining.

About one third of the population lives in the capital city, Ulaanbaatar. Other important cities include Erdenet, Darhan, and Darkhan.

Mongolia has rich deposits of coal, copper, uranium, molybdenum, tungsten, and other minerals. Mining is a significant part of the economy, accounting for about 20% of GDP.

Agriculture accounts for about 10% of GDP and employs about one-third of the labor force. Mongolia produces wheat, potatoes, vegetables, and livestock.

The Mongolian economy has been growing rapidly in recent years, due to high foreign investment in the mining sector and strong demand for Mongolia’s minerals from China.

GDP growth was estimated at 11.3% in 2011 and is expected to remain strong in the coming years. However,

Mongolia faces significant challenges in diversifying its economy away from its reliance on mining and agriculture.

Tourism in Mongolia

Mongolia is a landlocked country in East Asia bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south.

The east of Mongolia is lush with forest-steppe while the west is dry and arid. Despite its remote location and often harsh climate,

Mongolia has a long history of human habitation. Today, it is becoming increasingly popular as a tourist destination, especially for those interested in adventure travel or eco-tourism.

Mongolia has much to offer tourists, from its beautiful natural scenery to its rich cultural heritage.

In the capital city of Ulaanbaatar, visitors can enjoy a variety of activities such as shopping in the many markets, exploring the museums and temples,

or simply taking a stroll through the bustling streets. Outside of the city, there are plenty of opportunities for hiking,

horseback riding, and other outdoor activities in the stunning Mongolian countryside.

Whether you’re looking for an exciting adventure or a relaxing vacation in a beautiful setting, Mongolia has something to offer everyone.

How to Get to Mongolia?

Assuming you would like tips on how to travel to Mongolia:

The best way to get to Mongolia is by air. There are a few international airports in Mongolia,

the largest being Chinggis Khaan International Airport (ULN) near the capital city of Ulaanbaatar.

Other international airports include Mörön Airport (MXV), Ölgii Airport (ULG), and Khovd Airport (HVD).

There are several airlines that fly into Mongolia, including Mongolian Airlines, Aeroflot, Korean Air,

Asiana Airlines, and China Southern Airlines. Flight times from major cities like Beijing and Seoul are around 3 hours. From Moscow, flight time is about 6 hours.

If you’re coming from a neighboring country like Russia or China, you can also take the trans-Mongolian railway. The journey takes about 3 days from Beijing and 4 days from Moscow.

Where to Stay in Mongolia?

There are a variety of accommodation options available in Mongolia, from camping and hostels to luxury hotels.

For budget-minded travelers, there are a number of hostels and guesthouses located throughout the country.

Camping is also a popular option, although it is important to be prepared for cold weather conditions.

For those looking for a more luxurious experience, there are a number of upscale hotels in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar as well as in other major cities such as Erdenet and Darkhan.

What to See and Do in Mongolia?

Mongolia is a land of vast open spaces and nomadic traditions. It is a place where you can still find people living in the traditional way,

herding their animals across the steppes. Mongolia is a fascinating country to visit, with a rich history and culture.

Here are some ideas of things to see and do in Mongolia:

-Visit Ulaanbaatar, the capital city, and explore its museums and Soviet-era architecture
-Head out into the countryside to see the traditional way of life firsthand.

You can go on a camel trek or horseback riding trip, or stay with a local family in a ger (traditional Mongolian dwelling)

-Visit Lake Khövsgöl, Mongolia’s largest freshwater lake, for swimming, boating, and fishing
-Explore the Gobi Desert, including visiting the Flaming Cliffs where many dinosaur fossils have been found

-See the Tsenkher Hot Springs, which have been used for therapeutic purposes for centuries
-Climb Mount Munkh Saridag, Mongolia’s highest peak

Top 5 Attractions in Mongolia

1. The Gobi Desert

The Gobi Desert is one of the most unique and beautiful places on earth. It is a vast, empty place with an otherworldly feel.

The best way to experience the desert is to go on a camel trek. You can explore the dunes, see the sunset, and sleep under the stars.

2. Kharakhorum

Kharakhorum is the site of the former capital of the Mongol Empire. It was once a bustling city full of people and activity. Today,

it is a quiet place where you can see the ruins of temples and other buildings. It is also a great place to see wild animals such as Bactrian camels and argali sheep.

3. Lake Khovsgol

Lake Khovsgol is Mongolia’s largest lake and one of its most scenic spots. The lake is surrounded by forests and mountains, and it has crystal-clear water.

There are many activities to enjoy here such as hiking, camping, fishing, and swimming. You can also take a boat ride or go horseback riding.

Shopping in Mongolia

Shopping in Mongolia can be a very unique and interesting experience.

There are many things to see and do while shopping in this country. Here are just a few tips on shopping in Mongolia:

1. bargaining is commonplace so don’t be afraid to haggle for a better price
2. try to shop at smaller, local stores rather than large international chain stores
3. support local artisans by purchasing hand-crafted goods
4. be aware of fake or counterfeit items that are commonly sold
5. take time to enjoy the process and don’t be afraid to bargain!


Eating in Mongolia is a unique experience. From traditional Mongolian cuisine to international dishes,

there is something for everyone. Traditional Mongolian cuisine is based on meat and dairy products.

The most common meats are beef, mutton, and horse. Dairy products such as yogurt, cheese, and cream are also commonly used.

International dishes can be found in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar. There are many restaurants that offer a variety of cuisines from all over the world.

You can find anything from Italian to Japanese food in the city.

If you are planning to travel to Mongolia from us, must travel in winter, it’s the best time.


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